The Colonoscopy (also known as the fibre colonoscopy or video colonoscopy) is a safe and efficient diagnostic procedure that allows for the exploration of the rectum, the entire length of the colon, and occasionally the ileum, the last section of the small intestine.
This is done using a long flexible tube that is introduced through the anus; this tube has a camera at its distal end that projects real time images onto a monitor. This is an out-patient procedure performed under sedation so the patient does not feel any pain during the procedure.
One of the most important aspects of the colonoscopy is the correct preparation of the colon prior to the test. To do so, a waste-free diet must be followed 2 to 3 days prior to the test, and an evacuating solution must be ingested in order to clean out the colon.
The main indications for a colonoscopy are colorectal cancer prevention programmes, the control of polyps, the study of unexplained abdominal symptoms, the suspicion of intestinal inflammatory disease, or changes in the patient’s bowel habits, among others.
Just like other endoscopic techniques, during a colonoscopy not only is it possible to perform a macroscopic diagnosis of lesions, but it is also possible to perform biopsies, remove lesions, stenotic dilatation, and control bleeding, all of this thanks to the use of tools that can be inserted through the work canal (clamps, polypectomy handles, sclerosis needles, etc.).
Although it is a safe technique, it must be performed by specialized endoscopic doctors at prepared centres and units.
ServiDigest Clinic has a unit that specializes in the endoscopic treatment of digestive and metabolic pathologies.