Colon cancer was one of those most often diagnosed in 2015, taking into account both sexes.
According to the report recently published by the SEOM (Spanish Society of Medical Oncology), 247,771 new cases of cancer were registered in 2015 (148,827 in men and 98,944 in women), a figure exceeding the estimates made for 2020.
One in every two men and one in every three women will suffer from cancer throughout their lives.
“The reality has exceeded the estimate,” stated Dr Miguel Martín, President of the SEOM and head of the Medical Oncology Service at the Gregorio Marañón Hospital. “The higher population, ageing, early diagnosis and unhealthy living habits explain why more and more cancer patients are being diagnosed every year.”
The most frequently diagnosed types of cancer in 2015, taking into account both sexes, were colorectal (41,441 cases), prostate (33,370 cases), lung (28,347 cases), breast (27,747 cases) and bladder (21,093 cases).
The reasons for this increase in diagnoses of cancer are clearly identified in the report: the higher population, ageing, early diagnosis and living habits explain why more and more cancer patients are being diagnosed every year. Fortunately, survival has also increased as a result of early diagnosis.
Why is the prevention of colon cancer so important?
Many people suffering from colon cancer do not display any signs or symptoms during the early stages of the disease. To avoid its development it is necessary to take preventive measures, such as the regular performance of a colonoscopy (essential for the early diagnosis and treatment of this pathology).
Of all the diagnostic methods, the most sensitive and specific test for establishing any disease of the colon is a full colonoscopy, given that, as well as providing a full, complete and direct view of the intestine, it enables us to complement the study with diagnostic techniques (biopsies) and therapeutic techniques (removing polyps, coagulating lesions, applying prostheses, dilating areas of reduced calibre, etc.) in the same procedure, with general sensitivity and specificity of around 100%.
In Spain, the number of tumours diagnosed has increased over the last 20 years, not only due to population growth and increased life expectancy, but also to early detection techniques.
At the ServiDigest Clinic, we strive to emphasize the importance of avoiding controllable factors associated with the risk of the appearance of tumours, such as tobacco, alcohol, pollution, obesity and a sedentary lifestyle, as well as preventive measures, with the performance of endoscopic studies such as colonoscopies, essential for anticipating the appearance of colon cancer.