The peptic ulcer is the presence of a lesion (wound, sore) in the gastric or duodenal mucosa lining. The two most frequent causes of this disease are Helicobacter Pylori infection, and the consumption of non-steroidal anti-inflammatories.
Approximately 10% of all patients start with secondary symptoms to some of the complications of a Peptic Ulcer such as digestive haemorrhaging, epigastric pain, and dispepsia.
These symptoms commonly begin 2 to 3 hours after ingestion and stop upon eating again or after the ingestion of anti-secretors.
Only on rare occasions, and in the presence of complications, may it be necessary to treat the patient surgically.
It is important to note that it is recommended to confirm the scarring of gastric ulcers 12 weeks after the treatment and rule out the possibility of a malignant ulcer (gastric cancer). Duodenal ulcers, on the other hand, do not require such control because they are nearly always benign.
The Gastroscopy is the most adequate diagnostic method, also allowing the medical professional to take biopsies and treat some of the complications.
It is important to always verify the presence of Helicobacter Pylori in every patient with a Peptic Ulcer because its eradication contributes to the scarring of the lesion and prevents it from reappearing.
In the presence of the aforementioned symptoms, the patient is recommended to consult a specialist to determine the causes, select the best treatment, and be made aware of the appropriate control and monitoring in each individual case.